Physics of Condensed Matter

Prospects of graduates

The graduates of the Ph.D. program in Condensed Matter Physics master modern methods of experimental study of solids, especially in extreme experimental conditions such as very low temperatures, high magnetic fields, external pressure. They are familiar with commercial equipment capable of producing these conditions, but are sufficiently practically erudite to be able to introduce or modify an experimental method for investigating, in particular, the thermodynamic and transport properties of selected systems. They have acquired a deep theoretical foundation on quantum mechanical processes occurring in solids, which enables them to understand current open scientific problems in condensed matter physics and to actively participate in their solution. During their PhD studies, they gained practical knowledge on the preparation and study of the structure of unconventional materials with emphasis on nanoscopic systems. They are able to work with contemporary software packages for sophisticated analysis of experimental data and their computer modelling. They can physically interpret the experimental data obtained and present the proposed interpretation in the form of a scientific publication or at a scientific conference. The acquired knowledge and skills enable graduates of the PhD programme in Condensed Matter Physics to become members of top research teams at renowned scientific institutes in Europe and overseas. This opportunity is regularly used in postdoctoral fellowships.

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Conditions of admission

successful completion of the entrance exam

Additional information

Theory of condensed matter physics: Adiabatic and one-electron approximation. One-electron energy states in a crystal. The electron in a periodic field. Approximation of nearly free electrons. Effective mass method. Classification of solids on the basis of the energy spectrum of one-electron states. Electron specific heat. Atomic crystalline lattice moments. Linear lattice with one atom in an elementary cell. Phonons. Specific heat of crystals. Magnons. Exchange interaction and the Heisenberg hamiltonian. Magnon specific heat. Electron-phonon interaction. Cooper pairs-bonding energy. Ground state superconductor (BCS model). Superfluidity. Electron density of states. Concentration of electrons and holes in semiconductors. Fermi energy. Boltzmann kinetic equation, kinetic coefficients. Thermoelectric and galvanomagnetic phenomena.

Experimental condensed matter physics: Physical principle and construction of electron microscope. Experimental methods of X-ray diffraction. Origin and properties of X-rays. Bragg's law. Laue's diffraction conditions. Reciprocal lattice. Neutron diffraction. Scanning tunneling microscopy (STM). Atomic force microscopy (AFM). Electrical conductivity of semiconductors. Methods for measuring electrical conductivity. Hall constant measurement.
Determination of orbital and spin magnetic moment. Methods of measuring magnetic field strength and induction. (Induction methods, magnetometric methods, Hall effect). Methods of recording the magnetization curve and hysteresis loop. Nuclear magnetic resonance. Electron paramagnetic resonance. Mössbauer spectroscopy. Infrared spectroscopy. Methods of obtaining and measuring low (up to l K) and very low temperatures (below l K). Methods for measuring thermal conductivity and heat capacity. Superconductivity. Superfluidity. Thermodynamics of phase transformations. Thermodynamic equilibrium condition. Division of condensed substances according to their magnetic properties. Orbital magnetic moment. Spin magnetic moment. Magnetic properties of an atom with one or more electrons, Russell-Sannders bond. Hund's rules. Ferromagnetism. Phase transitions of the 2nd kind ( transition from ferromagnetic to paramagnetic state). Antiferromagnetism. Ferrimagnetism. Types of energy of ferromagnetics. Domain structure of ferromagnetics.

Form of entrance exam


  • Apply the application for study

    01.03.2024 - 31.05.2024

  • Performance of the entrance exam

    17.06.2024 - 28.06.2024

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  • CV
  • verified copy of the degree for applicant of other universities
  • photocopy of the Diploma Supplement to candidates from other universities

Annual tuition fees
Standard length of study: cost free

The fee for admission procedure
application form: 50 €
E-application form: 40 €

Billing information

Bank: Treasury. Bank code: 8180

Account number: SK 28 8180 0000 0070 0007 8491

Variable symbol: 2996

Constant symbol: 0308

Specific symbol: birth number without slash

Recipient message: name and surname of the applicant

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Detail of the study program

The first three years of your studies could be funded by a scholarship of up to €9,000. More information

Detail of the study program


0911 154 882
0910 288 664
037 / 6414881
037 / 6414890
(7.30 - 15.30 h.)


Responsibility for content: RNDr. Iveta Sováková –
Last update: 30.11.2023 09:36

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