Zoology and Animal Physiology

Prospects of graduates

The graduate knows the scientific methods of research in the field of experimental physiology, which can be creatively applied in experimental work on various physiological model objects (animals - higher and lower vertebrates). He/she is prepared to acquire and use the latest scientific knowledge based on the current state of knowledge in physiology, ethology, biochemistry, molecular biology, neuroscience and related disciplines. In its research activities, the stump is aware of the functional interconnection of individual systems and physiological processes in terms of their integration and regulation of behaviour in model animal organisms and in humans. The results of his creative experimental work not only contribute to the development of science and scientific knowledge, but he is also able to apply them in human and veterinary medicine, agriculture, pharmacology and biotechnology.

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Conditions of admission

successful completion of the entrance exam

Additional information

Animal Physiology:Subject matter and basic data from the history of the discipline. Basic functional principles of animal organism. Principle of dynamic homeostasis. Body fluids: phylogenetic development, composition, functions of blood elements and blood plasma, hematopoiesis and its regulation, blood groups. phylogeny of the circulatory system. The work of the heart. Nervous and hormonal control of blood pressure and cardiac function. Intake, digestion and absorption of nutrients. Digestive system in invertebrates and different classes of vertebrates. Nervous and hormonal regulation of digestion and absorption processes. Functions of the pancreas. Functions of the liver. Mechanisms of oxygen supply to cells - evolutionary aspects. External and internal respiration in vertebrates. Transport of respiratory gases. Mechanisms of excretion in phylogeny. excretion in aquatic and terrestrial animals. Functions of the kidney. Management of water and minerals. Hormones - concept, distribution, mechanisms of action, invertebrate and vertebrate hormones and their effects, neurohumoral relationships. Phylogeny of the nervous system. Neuron as the basic unit of the nervous system. Origin and conduction of nervous excitations. Motor control at the level of the spinal cord. Reflexes. Receptors - division, signal transduction mechanisms, specialization and adaptation. Functions of different parts of the brain. Motor and sensory functions of the cerebral cortex. Associative functions of the CNS. Geometric optics of the eye. Retinal functions. Visual pathway. Conduction and transformation of acoustic information in the middle and inner ear. Mechanism of frequency sensitivity of hearing. Mechanism of muscle contraction. Energetics of muscle contraction. Endocrine regulation of male sex organ activity. Hormonal regulation of the ovarian cycle. Control of food intake in mammals. Exothermia and endothermy. Mechanisms of thermoregulation in endothermic animals. Heterothermy. Role and mechanisms of cellular immunity.Innate immunity -phagocytosis, inflammation.

Ethology:History, significance and division of ethology. Methodology of ethology. Innate behaviour and its forms. Learning - meaning, division, learning by conditioning, instrumental learning, imprinting, higher forms of learning. Learning and innate behaviour. Social behaviour - methods of investigation, social expressions and relationships, social groups. Parental behaviour. Sexual behaviour. Playful behaviour. Animal communication systems - attitude change, mimicry, ritualized behaviour, communication by chemical, light and sound signals. Agonistic behaviour and expressions of aggression. Biological rhythms in animal behaviour. Manifestations of abnormal behaviour.

Part of the entrance examination is the demonstration of the language skills of the candidate for the DS (work with a foreign language professional text - English or another world language, active communication in English)

Form of entrance exam


  • Apply the application for study

    01.03.2024 - 31.05.2024

  • Performance of the entrance exam

    17.06.2024 - 28.06.2024

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  • CV
  • verified copy of the degree for applicant of other universities
  • photocopy of the Diploma Supplement to candidates from other universities

Annual tuition fees
Standard length of study: cost free

The fee for admission procedure
application form: 50 €
E-application form: 40 €

Billing information

Bank: Treasury. Bank code: 8180

Account number: SK 28 8180 0000 0070 0007 8491

Variable symbol: 2996

Constant symbol: 0308

Specific symbol: birth number without slash

Recipient message: name and surname of the applicant

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Detail of the study program

The first three years of your studies could be funded by a scholarship of up to €9,000. More information

Detail of the study program


0911 154 882
0910 288 664
037 / 6414881
037 / 6414890
(7.30 - 15.30 h.)


Responsibility for content: RNDr. Iveta Sováková – iveta.sovakova@upjs.sk
Last update: 30.11.2023 10:00

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